Research Based Interventions – Oral Repeated
Reading and Fluency
Oral Repeated Reading and Fluency
– In this response to intervention age in educational
circles, the trick for educators is to find research based
interventions that work. Furthermore, the importance of
reading fluency- in essence, reading speed- cannot be discounted
when it comes to literacy. Which brings us to oral repeated
reading and its effects on fluency.
What is Reading
Reading fluency is not necessarily an easy thing to define.
That said, the National Reading Panel's (NRP) defines fluency as
the ability to read text with accuracy, appropriate rate, and good
expression (NICHD, 2000). So that is our starting
point. Fluency is differentiated from reading
decoding/identifying capabilities by terms like accuracy, appropriate rate, and
That said, certain tests, such as the Woodcock-Johnson Tests of
Cognitive Ability- III (WJ-III) measure reading fluency by having
student’s read passages silently to themselves and answer simple
questions about them, thus reinforcing the idea that reading
fluency is a difficult thing to define and is interpreted
differently by many.
Reading as a Reading Fluency Intervention
Oral repeated reading refers to an intervention for fluency where
students are asked to continually read the same passage.
Seemingly, the theoretical idea behind this is that children with
reading fluency difficulties tend to possess rapid visual recall
weaknesses. In other words, they have trouble fluently or
quickly determining what a visual is and then saying what it
is. Thus, reading fluency could be looked at as a problem
retrieving sight words.
By continually reading the same words over and over again, it is
hoped that more sight words will be gained, as well as improved
automaticity of words for students who have difficulty rapidly
Supporting Oral Repeated Reading as a Reading Fluency
This is an article on a research
based academic intervention. Thus, our readers
probably want some links showing oral repeated reading and its
demonstrated impact on fluency. So follow the links below
and happy reading!